Wiley’s video above defines open access as free immediate and available research articles online with free re-use rights.
Slideshow 1: The slideshow gives a brief summary of the topic Open Access created by myself (Heer, 2016).
Open access has been extremely beneficial to myself at university. Specifically, as I’m writing my dissertation. Already I have used over 30 various journals, publications and articles. When I search a topic online and come across a journal that requires subscription or payment to access I’m put off and simply move onto the next research. Hence, without open access I wouldn’t have a dissertation to write as, I and many of my peers, are not willing to pay to read a journal. This prevents us from world class research and suggests that without open access, education would be restricted from independent learning to what professors are able to teach us.
Figure 1: Benefits of Open Access (Horne, 2015)
A video created by Shockey and Eisen (2012) shared their story when one of the creators had a family member rushed to hospital. He mentioned that as a scientist and surrounded by qualified doctors no-one knew the diagnosis or medical condition for what happened to the family member. However, when he researched online, there was information he couldn’t’ access which may have had the answers. This shows that restrictions to information effects saving a life easily.
Figure 2: Shows the number of worldwide from the MIT Faculty Open Assess Articles Collection between 2010- June 2012 (MIT Libraries, 2012).
Nevertheless, with free access, how will publishers earn their money? It becomes a costlier and lengthy process. While the readers don’t have to pay for articles, someone has to pay for the costs of publication. This is usually the responsibility of the author which can discourage researches from going open access.
Figure 3: Process of publishing an open access research paper (Libraries, 2016).
With this, there is a possibility that the quality of the journals will diminish. Open access rights incentivize journals to publish more articles in order to cover the costs as a large portion of their revenue comes from publication fees. Therefore, publishing more articles could have a negative impact on the overall quality of each article as publisher’s rush to complete as many as they can (Geib, 2013).
Slideshow 2: Is a glossary of terms adapted from (Horne, 2015)
Overall, reading Hall’s (2014) article, I agree that access shouldn’t be granted to everyone. It should be selective and given broadly e.g. Universities, corporations or academics who require for their research. For example, Bloomberg is free for traders in banks but otherwise individuals must pay for a subscription. Paywalls and passwords are efficient ways to implement this however, there remains the issue of online hackers and increased crime who will still be able to access information freely.
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Geib, A. (2013). ‘Advantages and Disadvantages of Open Access’. edanz [online], Available at: https://www.edanzediting.com/blogs/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-open-access (Accessed: 8 December 2016).
Hall, M. (2014). ‘Why open access should be a key issue for university leaders’. The Guardian, [online], 18 February, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2014/feb/18/open-access-key-issue-university-leaders?CMP=twt_gu (Accessed: 8 December 2016)
Heer, D. (2016) ‘Open Access’ PowToon, Slideshow.
Horne, M. (2015) ‘LibGuides: Open access publishing for Aston authors: OA publishing explained.’ Aston University. Available at: http://libguides.aston.ac.uk/c.php?g=356327&p=2404666 (Accessed: 5 December 2016).
Lepitak, S. (2013). ‘90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests’. The Drum News [online], 12 April. Available at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2013/04/12/90-online-content-be-held-behind-paywalls-three-years-media-company-survey-suggests (Accessed 5 December 2016).
MIT Libraries. (2012). ‘The worldwide impact of open access to MIT faculty research’. MIT News [online], 22 October. Available at: http://news.mit.edu/2012/the-worldwide-impact-of-open-access-to-mit-faculty-research (Accessed: 8 December 2016).
Piled Higher and Deeper (PHD Comics). (2012). ‘Open Access Explained’. YouTube. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=L5rVH1KGBCY (Accessed 8 December 2016).
Pros and cons (no date) Available at: http://www.openaccess.nl/en/what-is-open-access/pros-and-cons (Accessed: 8 December 2016).
Libraries, S. (2016). ‘Open Access’ Stony Brook University. Available at: http://library.stonybrook.edu/scholarly-communication/open-access/ (Accessed: 5 December 2016)
Wiley. (2014). ‘Understanding Open Access’. YouTube. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o2HMouOV-Lg (Accessed 8 December 2016).
Wiley, D., Green, C., and Soares, L. (2012) ‘Dramatically Bringing down the Cost of Education with OER: How Open Education Resources Unlock the Door to Free Learning’ Center for American Progress, Available at: http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED535639 (Accessed 5 December 2016).